One of the greatest challenges facing transport operators and engineers today is the fast and efficient inspection, assessment, maintenance and safe operation of existing infrastructures including highways and the noverall Road Infrastructure (RI) network. Due to factors such as ageing, Climate Change (CC), extreme weather conditions or other natural and manmade hazards, increased traffic demands, change in use, inadequate maintenance and deferred repairs, the Transport Infrastructures (TI) –including also railways, marine infrastructure, etc.- are progressively deteriorating and become more vulnerable, urgently needing inspection, assessment and repair work. According to the EC, the weather stresses alone represent from 30% to 50% of current road maintenance costs in the EU (8 to 13 billon €/year). More frequent extreme precipitations